Dr. Brian K. Hall


PhD., DSc. (New England), FRSC.

  • Research
  • Recent Post Doctoral Fellows' Occupations
  • Recent Books written
  • Recent Books edited
  • Selected Journal Publications
  • Links   
  • Research


    aving retired and become emeritus in July 2007 I no longer teach in the undergraduate programme. Time freed up is being used to work on the writing of texts for the undergraduate level. Benedikt Hallgrímsson (U. Calgary) and I rewrote a standard text, Evolution by Monroe Strickberger as Strickberger’s Evolution, 4th Edition published in December 2007 by Jones and Bartlett. Link here    

    Brian Hall at convocation

    Brian Hall addressing convocation

    In April 2010 Jones & Bartlett published Evolution: Principles and Processes by Brian K. Hall, a text aimed at students with less science background. Link here

    In 2011, The university of California Press published Epigenetics: Linking Genotype and Phenotype in Development and Evolution, edited by Benedikt Hallgrímsson and Brian Hall

    Laboratory research is being conducted by postdoctoral fellows Drs Andrew Gillis and Kate Rawlinson, and by Zabrina Prescott, an M.Sc. student. Andrew is investigating the molecular control of skeletal development in Atlantic salmon, skates and sharks.

    Kate investigates the development and evolution of life history stages in marine flatworms (polyclads). Zabrina, who is using fossil and extant salmon to investigate the evolution of the tissues that form the kype in male salmon migrating to breed, won the Sandra Barr Award for the best graduates student presentation at the 2012 mmeting of the Atlantic Geoscience Society.

      For recent publication see Hall, B. K., and J. Andrew Gillis. 2012. Incremental evolution of the neural crest, neural crest cells, and neural crest-derived skeleton. J. Anat. (in press) and K. A. Rawlinson, J. A. Gillis, et al. 2011. Taxonomy and life history of the Acropora-eating flatworm Amakusaplana acroporae nov. sp. (Polycladida: Prosthiostomidae). Coral Reefs 30, 693–705. (DOI: 10.1007/s00338-011-0745-3).

    Recent Post Doctoral Fellows and Ph.D. students Occupations

    •  Ryan Kerney is a AAAS Fellow with the Department of Energy in Washington DC and will take up an Assistant professorship at Gettysburg College in summer 2012.

    • Cory Bishop - Assistant Professor of Biology at St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, NS.

    • Michelle Connolly is a postdoctoral research associate at the Center for Environmental Biotechnology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.

    • Matt Vickaryous is Assistant Professor of Biomedical sciences at Guelph University, Guelph, Ontario.

    • Tim Fedak is manager of distributed learning in the Division of Medical Education, Faculty of medicine, Dalhousie University.

    • Tamara Franz-Odendaal is associate professor of biology at Mount Saint Vincent University Halifax, NS.

    • Jon Stone is Associate Professor of Biology at McMaster University at Hamilton, Ont.

    Recent Books written
    • Hall, B. K. (2005). Bones and Cartilage: Developmental and Evolutionary Skeletal Biology. 787 pp. Elsevier Academic Press, London.

    • Hall, B. K., and Hallgrímsson, B. (2008). Strickberger’s Evolution. The Integration of Genes, Organisms and Populations. 4th Edition. 776 pp. Jones and Bartlett, Publishers, Sudbury, MA. (Chinese edition, 2009)
    • Hall, B. K. (2009). The Neural Crest and Neural Crest Cells in Vertebrate Development and Evolution. xxii + 400pp. Springer, New York.
    • Hall, B. K. (2010). Evolution; Principles and Processes.  Xxii + 442 + 53 pp. Jones and Bartlett, Publishers, Sudbury, MA.

    Recent Books edited


    BKH and Benedikt Hallgrimsson
    at Down House

    • Hall, B. K., and Olson, W. M. (2003). Keywords and Concepts in Evolutionary Developmental Biology. 476 pp. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
    • Hall, B. K., Pearson, R., and Müller, G. B. (2004). Environment, Development, and Evolution: Toward a Synthesis. 304 pp. MIT Press, Cambridge MA. Hallgrķmsson, B., and Hall, B. K. (2005). Variation: A Central Concept in Biology. 568 pp. Elsevier/Academic Press, New York
    • Hall, B. K. (2007). Fins into Limbs. Development, Transformation, and Evolution. 433 pp. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Il.
    • Hall, B. K and Laubichler, M. D. (2009) Conrad Hal Waddington, Theoretical Biology, and Evo-Devo. Thematic issue of Biological Theory 3 (3), pp. 185-289. MIT Press, Cambridge MA
    • Hallgrīmsson, B., and Hall, B. K. Epigenetics: Linking Genotype and Phenotype in Development and Evolution. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
    Selected Journal Publications (past five years)

    Hall, B. K. (2012) Evolutionary Developmental Biology (Evo–Devo): Past, Present, and Future. Evol: Educ. & Outreach. (under review)

    Hall, B. K. (2012). Parallelism, deep homology, and evo-devo. Evol. & Devel. 14, 39-33.

    Hall, B. K. (2012) Homology and alternatives to homology — analogy, homoplasy, convergence or novelty. Devel. Psychobiol. (in press)

    Hall, B. K. (2012) Summarizing Craniofacial genetics and developmental biology (SCGDB). Am. J. Med. Genet. (in press)

    Hall, B. K. (2012) Lamarck, Lamarckism, epigenetics and epigenetic inheritance, Metascience (in press)

    Hall, B. K., and J. Andrew Gillis. (2012) Incremental evolution of the neural crest, neural crest cells, and neural crest-derived skeleton. J. Anat. (special issue on evo-devo; in press)

    Hall, B. K., and Kerney, R. (2012) Levels of biological organization and the origin of novelty J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.)  in press

    Huttenlocker, A. K., Woodward, H., and Hall, B. K. (2012). The Biology of Bone. In Bone Histology Of Fossil Tetrapods: Issues, Methods, And Data Bases (K. Padian, ed.). University of California Press, Berkeley, CA (in press).

    Hall, B. K. (2011). Ontogeny does not recapitulate phylogeny, it creates phylogeny. Evol. Devel., 132, 401–404.

    Hallgrîmsson, B., and Hall, B. K. (2011). Epigenetics: The Context of Development. In Epigenetics: Linking Genotype and Phenotype in Development and Evolution. Hallgrîmsson, B., and Hall, B. K, eds), pp. 424–438. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA

    Kerney, R., Kim, E., Hangarter, R. P., Heiss, A. A., Bishop, C., and Hall, B. K. (2011). Intracellular invasion of green algae. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 108, 6497–6502.

    Bishop, C. D, Hall, B. K, and Bates, W.R. (2010). Heat shock protein 90 expression in two migratory cell types of ascidian embryos and larvae: test cells deposit HSP90 on the larval tunic. Int. J. Devel. Biol. 54: 1337–1346.

    Budney, L. A., and Hall. B. K. (2010). Comparative morphology and osteology of pelvic fin-derived midline suckers in lumpfishes, snailfishes and gobies J. Appl. Ichthyol. 26, 167-175.

    Hall, B. K. (2010). Charles Darwin, Embryology, Evolution and Skeletal Plasticity. J. Appl. Ichthyol., 26, 148-161.

    Kerney, R., Hall, B. K., and Hanken, J. (2010). Regulatory elements of col2a1 in Xenopus drive cartilaginous gene expression in I-SceI Meganuclease-Mediated Transgenic Frogs. Int. J. Devel. Biol. 54, 141-150. (doi: 10.1387/ijdb.092848rk)

    Long, J. A., Hall, B. K., McNamara, K. J., and Smith, M. M. (2010) The phylogenetic origin of jaws in vertebrates: developmental plasticity and heterochrony. Kirtlandia. (57, 46–52.

    Vickaryous, M., and Hall, B. K. (2010). Comparative development of the crocodylian interclavicle and avian furcula, with comments on the homology of dermal elements in the pectoral apparatus. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 314B, 196-207.

    Cole, A. G., and Hall, B. K. (2009) Cartilage differentiation in cephalopod molluscs. Zoology 112, 2-15.

    Hall B. K. (2009) Frozen Evolution: Or that’s not the way it is, Mr. Darwin. Evol. & Devel 11, 126-129.

    Connolly, M. H., and Hall, B. K. (2008). Embryonic heat shock reveals latent hsp90 translation in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Int. J. Devel. Biol., 52: 71-79.

    Hall, B. K. (2008). Vertebrate origins: Riding the Crest of a New Wave or the Wave of a New Crest? Evol. & Devel., 10, 261-263

    Hall, B. K. (2008). Evolutionary origins of the neural crest and neural crest cells. Evol. Biol. 35, 248-266.

    Hall, B. K. (2008). The neural crest and neural crest cells: discovery and significance for theories of embryonic organization J. Biosci. 34, 781-793.

    Hall, B. K., and Laubichler M. D.(2008). Conrad H. Waddington: Towards a Theoretical Biology. Biol Theory. 3, 233-237.

    Vickaryous, M., and Hall, B. K. (2008). Development of the dermal skeleton in Alligator mississippiensis (Archosauria, Crocodylia) with comments on the homology of osteoderms. J. Morphol. 269: 398-422.

    On line lecture

    "Populations of neural crest cells and craniofacial development" with evolutionary implications, given at symposium at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, October 2000.


    HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA | CANADA B3H 4R2 | +1 (902) 494-3515